安徽11选5

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                英語學╱士學位

                2010年5月北京市學位英語考試一棒揮了過去真題試卷及答案解析(A卷)

                瀏覽次數:     時間:2015/11/25

                2010年5月北京市成人英語三級考試真題試卷及答案解析(A卷)
                Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
                Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
                Passage 1
                Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage
                The multi-billion-dollar Western pop music industry is under fire. It is being blamed by the United Nations for the dramatic rise in drug abuse worldwide. “The most worrying development is a culture of drug-friendliness,”says the UNs International Narcotics Control Board in a report released last year.
                The 74-page study says that pop music, as a global industry, is by far the most influential trend-setter for young people of most cultures.“Some songs encourage people to take drugs. (76) Certain pop stars make statements and set examples as if the use of drugs for non-medicinal purposes were a normal and acceptable part of a persons lifestyle,”the study says.
                Surprisingly, says the Board, the effect of drug-friendly pop music seems to survive despite the occasional shock of death by overdose (過量用藥). “Such incidents tend to be seen as an occasion to mourn (哀悼) the loss of a role model, and not an opportunity to face the deadly effect of drug use,”it notes. Since the 1970s, several internationally famous singers and movie stars--including Elvis Presley, Janice Joplin, John Belushi, Jimi Hendrix, Jonathan Melvin and Andy Gibbs--have died of eitherdrug abuse or drugrelated illnesses. With the globalization of popular music, messages promoting, drug abuse are now reaching beyond their countries of origin. “In most countries, the names of certain POP stars have become familiar to the members of every household,”the study says.
                The UN study also blames the media for its description of certain drug incidents, which encourages rather than prevents drag abuse. “Over the past years, we have seen how drug abuse is increasingly regarded as being acceptable or even attractive,”says Hamid Ghodse, president of the Board. “Powerful pressure groups mn political campaigns aimed at legalizing controlled drugs,”he says. Ghodse also points out that all thee developments have created an environment which is tolerant(容忍的) of or even favorable to drug abuse and spoils international drug prevention effortscurrently under way.
                The study focuses on demand reduction and prevention within an environment that has become tolerant of drug abuse. The Board calls on governments to do their legal and moral duties, and to act against the pro-drug (贊成吸毒) messages of the youth culture to which young people increasingly are berug exposed.
                1. Which of the following statements does ,the author tend to agree with?
                A. The use of drags for non-medicinal purposes is, an acceptable part of a persons lifestyle.
                B. The spreading ofpop music may cause drag abuse to go beyond country boundaries.
                C. No efforts have been made to prevent the spreading of drag abuse.
                D. Governments have no ability to act against the pro-drag messages of the youth culture.
                2. The expression “under fire”? in the first paragraph means
                A. in an urgent situation B. facing some problems C. being criticized D. in trouble
                3. From the third paragraph, we learn that the youth
                A. tend to mourn the pop stars who died of overdose as role models
                B. are shocked to know even pop stars may abuse dmgs
                C. try to face the deadly effect of drug use
                D. may stop abusing drugs
                4. Which of the following is. not mentioned as tolerant of drug abuse?
                A. The spreading of pop music.
                B. The media.
                C. Political campaigns run by powerful pressure groups.
                D. The low price of some drags.
                5. According to the passage, pop music
                A. has a great influence on young people of most cultures
                B. attracts a small number of young people
                C. is not a profitable industry
                D. is alone responsible for drug abuse
                Passage 2
                Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
                There are many older people in the world and there will be many
                more. A liMe-known fact is that over 60 percent of the older people live in developing countries. According to the World Health Organization, by 2020 there will be 1 billion, with over 700 million living in developing countries.
                It is a surprising fact that the population ageing is particularly rapid in developing countries. For example, it took France 115 years for the proportion of older people to double from 7 percent to 14 percent. It is estimated to take China a mere 27 years to achieve this same increase.
                What arethe implications of these increased numbers of older folk? (77) One of the biggest worries for governments is that the longer people live. the more likelihood there is for diseases and for disability( 殘疾). Attention is being paid to the need to keep people as healthy as possible, including during old age, to lessen the financial burden on the state.
                (78) Another significant problem is the need for the younger generations to understand and value the older people in their society. In some African couintries, certainly in Asia, older people are respected and regarded as the ones~ with special knowledge. Yet traditions are fading away daily, which does not ensure the continued high regard of older people. As society changes, attitudes will change.
                Much needs to be done to get rid of age discrimination (歧視) in employment. Life-long learning programs need to be provided to enable older peopleto be active members in a countrys development.
                Social security policies need to be established to provide adequate income protection for older people. Both public and private schemes are vital in order to, build a suitable safety net.
                To achieve equality in such matters will take considerable time and effort. One thing is sure: there is no time to be lost.
                6. The proportion of older people
                A. is bigger in developed countries than in developing countries
                B. is one-seventh of the population developing countries
                C. will increase much faster in China than in France
                D. will be sixty percent in developing countries by 2020
                7. According to the passage, which of the following are governments most worded about?
                A. The diseases and disability of older people.
                B. The longer life and good health of people.
                C. The loss of taxes on older people.
                D. The increasing respect for older people.
                8. It is stated directly in the passage that older people should
                A. be treated differently in different cultures
                B. enjoy a similar lifestyle
                C. be ignored as society changes
                D. be valued by the younger generations
                9. Which of the following measures is NOT mentioned to solve the population ageing problem?
                A. Getting rid of age discrimination in employment.
                B. Ensuring adequate income protection for older people.
                C. Providing free health care for sick older people.
                D. Supplying life-long learning programs to older people.
                10. The author concludes in the last paragraph that
                A. governments have spent lots of time in solving the ageing problem
                B. population ageing is a hard problem, but it needs to be solved urgently
                C. people are too busy to solve the population ageing problem
                D. much time and effort will be lost in solving the ageing problem
                Passage 3
                Questions 11 to 15 are based onthe following passage:
                (79) Extensive new studies suggestthat the world has, made extraordinary progress in reducing poverty in recent decades. The research suggests that the pace of economic progress has been rapid and continued for decades, built on the foundations of relative political stability, rising trade, and economic liberalization (自由化) after two world wars. One new study, published recently by the Institute for International Economics in Washington, finds that the proportion of the 6.1 billion people in the world who live on $1 a day or less shrank from 63 .percent in 1950 to 35 percent in 1980 and 12 percent in 1999. By some other measures, the progress has been more modest. Still, economists agree that poverty has plunged in key nations such as India and especially China, thanks to slowing population growth as well as economic freedom. “This is a huge success for the world as a whole,”says Harvard University economist Richard Cooper. “We are doing something right.”
                The news comes as the World Bank is about to open its annual meeting in Washington an event that has been troubled in recent years by protests that the Bank and its sister institution, the International Monetary Fund (IMF國際貨⌒幣基金組織), have done too little for the worlds poor. (80) The new economic research will not put an end to that dispute. Vast populations remain poor, and many still question the wisdom of World Bank policies. Nonetheless, the research findings are helpful to understand what policies should be followed by th6se institutions and hundreds of other development groups working very hard to hasten the pace of world economic progress. If dramatic gains are under way, the present policies-- calling for open markets, freebusiness activities, and tight monetary control are working and correct.
                But critics of IMF and World Bank policies maintain that such economic.success stories as Japan, China, South Korea and Singapore are rooted in more than just "free, markets. These nations have managed to grow rapidly, and thereby reduce poverty, by limiting imports when their domestic industries were yotmg, pushing exports to rich nations, and putting controls on purely international financial;flows. They have been open to foreign-owned factories but have often insisted that those investors share"the knowledge and skill on modem technologies,
                11. The word “plunged” in the firs paragraphmeans
                A. decreased B. Climbed C. increased D. dropped into water
                12. From the passage, we learn that__________
                A. World Bank has done nothing to help the poor in the world
                B. IMF only helps the rich in the world
                C. World Bank controls all the banks in the world
                D. there are some demonstrations against World Bank in recent years
                13. According to this passage, in__________, the world had the largest number of poor people.
                A. 1999 B. 1980 C. 1950 D. 1990
                14. According to the author, the economy of East Asian countries grew very fast because of the following measures EXCEPT__________
                A. encouraging export B. opening up to foreigninvestments
                C.limiting international financial flows D. controlling import
                15. The best title for this passage might be__________.
                A. Chinas Contribution to the Reduction of Poverty in the World
                B. World Banks Extraordinary Progress in Recent Decades
                C. Indias Leading Role in Reducing Global Poverty
                D. Global Progress in Reducing Poverty
                Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
                16. Itwas hard for him to learn English in a family, in which of the parents spoke the language.
                A. none B. neither C. both D. each
                17. Youd better go there by train. The train ticket is __________ the plane ticket.
                A. as cheap three times as B. as three times cheapas
                C. three times as cheap as D. cheaper three times than
                18. This new machineis technically far__________ to the previous type.
                A. Superior: B. junior C. senior D. equal
                19. There is a great deal of evidence____that music activities engage different parts of the brain.
                A. indicate B. Indicating C. indicated D. to be indicating
                20. She became the first woman to enter the school but withdrew after a few days_____stress.
                A. because of B. in spite of C. instead of D. In honor of
                21.______is known to us all is that the 2012 Olympic Games will be held in London.
                A. It B. What C. As D. Which
                22. The discovery of these tombs is__________for scholars studying Chinese history.
                A. of very important B. great significant C. of great significance D. greatly importance
                23. Seans strong love for his country is______in his recently published poems.
                A. relieved B. Reflected C. responded D. recovered
                24. Would You please keep silent? The weather report__________and I want to listen.
                A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast
                25. The teacher stressedagain thatthe students should not______any important details while retelling the story.
                A. bring out B. let out C. leave out D. make out
                26. The man moved_____forward and looked over the edge, shrinking his shoulders.
                A. accurately B. Cautiously C. brilliantly D. disappointedly
                27. The police are trying to find out the______of the woman,killed in the traffic accident.
                A. evidence B. recognition C identity D. status
                28. By no means__________to her parents.
                A. this is the first time has she lied B. this is the first time does she tell a lie
                C. is this the first time She has lied D. is this the first time she was lying
                29. Climate change will greatly_____wheat and rice production if nations dont take steps now.
                A. fall B. leak C. lack D. reduce
                30. She always buys__________ my birthday.
                A. something awful to B. anything awful to
                C. something nice for D. anything nice for
                31. He failed to live Up to __________had been expected of him.
                A. what B. which C. that D. all
                32. It is very _____ of you to arrange an early.meeting between your boss and our team.
                A. considerate B. Considerable C. consideriiig D. considered
                33. I would have told him about the change of time for the class,________to class last tune.
                A. did he come B. he came C. had he come D. he had come
                34. The wind was so strong last night that it tore the______ of the ship into two or three pieces.
                A. mask B. mine C. sail D. satellite
                35. ____all the money people here spend eating out, restaurants profit is still below five percent.
                A. Despite B.Thanks to C. Since D. Like
                36. Many a man__________lifeis meaningless without a purpose.
                A. thinks B. thinking C. have thought D. think
                37. John left home twenty minutes ago. It is usually half an hours drive from his home to theoffice here. So he__________soon.
                A. should have arrived B. need arrive C. must have arrived D. may arrive
                38. ___Hongkong, is often regarded as____international Centre for business, finance and tourism.
                A./; an B. An; / C. The; / D./; the
                39. They went__________the schedule for the conference again and again until they felt satisfied with every detail of it.
                A. out B. up C: over D. by
                40. Schools should teachour kids various subjects, and moreover, teach them how to ______right:from wrong.:
                A. mn B. take C. tell D. put
                41. By the time you finish your homework, all of us__________ ours at hand, Im sure.
                A. will finish B. will have finished C. have finished D. have been finishing
                42. In time of trouble Charliecould always__________a solution.
                A. put aside B. look down upon C. break out D. come up with
                43. Before building a house, you will have to__________the governments permission.
                A. get from B. follow C. receive D. ask for
                44. The director had her assistant__________some hot dogs for the staff members.
                A. picked up B. picks up C. pick up D. picking up
                45. ______their hats into the air, the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory.
                A. TO throw B. Thrown C. Throwing D. Being thrown
                Part III Identification (10%)
                Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
                46. When youve finished with that book, dont forget to put it back on the shelf,Wont you?
                A B C D
                47. The workers in the factory demanded that their pay would be raised by 20 percent
                A B C D
                48. It remains to see whether Jim will be fit enough to play in the finals.
                A B C D
                49. I invited Joe and Linda as well as Tom to dinner, but neither of them Came.
                A B C D
                50. Over the past 20 years,the Internet bas helped change our world in either Way or another for the better.
                A B C D
                51. How and why this language has survived for more than a thousand years,while spoke by very few,is hard to explain.
                A B C D
                52. Nearly half of Americans aged 26 and old take part in some form of continuing education.
                A B C D
                53. Many parents feel they need to keep a closer eye to their children because of concerns about crime and school violence.
                A B C D
                54. For married mothers, the time spend on child care increased to an average of 12.9 hours a week in 2009
                A B C D
                55. There is an increasingly amount of evidence that more and more young people are taking an active interest in politics.
                A B C D
                Part IV Cloze (10%)
                Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
                Of all the websites, one that has attracted attention recently is myspace.com. Most of this attention has come from the media and tells every reason. 56 the website should be 57. The threat of Intemet predators (竊掠者) is indeed a tough reality, 58 shutting down the site is not the answer. If myspace.com 59 shut down, another site would quickly 60 its place. Therefore, the right way is to teach teens how to use the site safely and educate them 61 who maybe predators and how to 62 them.
                The key to 63 safe on the Intemet is to make sure that.Y0Ur profile (個人資料)is secure. The 64 way is to change the privacy setting on your profile to “private”, which protects your information 65 only the people on your friend list canview it. Although this is.66, it is not perfect. Predators can find ways to view your profile if they really want to,67 through hacking in (黑客入侵) or figuring out their way onto your friend list. Thus, you should never post too much personal 68. Some people actually post their home and school addresses, date of birth, and so on, often 69 predators know exactly where they will be and 70 .
                The most information that is safe is your first name and province. Anything more is basically 71 a predator into your life.
                Another big problem is photos. I suggest 72 skipping photos and never posting a photo of a friend online without his or her 73.
                Most important, never, 74 any circumstances, agree to a real-ife meeting with anyone you meet online, 75 how well you think you know this person. There are no guarantees that they have told the truth.
                56. A. what B. how C. why D. which
                57. A. shut down B. open up C. get into D. turn on
                58. A. but B. even C. despite D. since
                59. A. is B. are C. was D. were
                60. A. get B. make C. take D. push
                61. A. as B. about C. for D. in
                62. A. avoid B. get C. benefit D. hide
                63. A. stay B. be staying C. stayed D. staying
                64. A. difficult B. Simplest C. simple D. most difficult
                65. A. as to B. no matter C. so that D. because
                66. A. efficient B. Interesting C. effective D. impressive
                67. A. if B. whether C. however D. whatever
                68. A. information B. documents C. fries D. messages
                69. A. let B. make C. allow D. letting
                70. A. what B. why C. when D. how
                71. A. introducing B. Inviting C. investing D. interrupting
                72. A. partly B. Mostly C. lastly D. completely
                73. A. favor B. Rule C. information D. permission
                74. A. above B.under C. below D. at
                75. A. no matter B. even if C. unless D. also
                Part V Translation (20%)
                Section A
                Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.
                76 .... Certain pop stags:make statements and set examples as if the use of drags for non-medicinal purposes were a normal and acceptable part of a persons lifestyle...
                77. One of the biggest worries for governments is that the longer people live, the more likelihood there is for diseases and for disability (殘疾).
                78. Another significant problem is the need for the younger generations to understand and value the older people in their society.
                79. Extensive new studies suggest that the world has made extraordinary pmgressin reducing poverty in recent decades.
                80. The new economic research will not put an end to that dispute.
                SectionB
                Directions:In this part there are five sentences in Chinese.You should translate them into English.Be sure to write clearly.
                81.今天早上」他起床晚了,所以沒有趕上火車∑ 。
                82.你們昨天的會議得出什麽結論了嗎今天?
                83.我在回家的 鄭雲峰修煉路上,買了一本英〖漢詞典。
                84.一直到12月下旬,他們才讓我加入他們小欣賞組。
                85.我父易水寒他們可是比我們先進來親在找工作,我母親在醫院照看外祖母。
                參考答案
                1~~~15 BCADA CADCB ADCBD
                16~~~45 BCABA BCBBC BCCDC
                AACCA ADACC BDDCC
                46~~~55 DCBDC CCBBA
                56~~~75 CAADC BADBC CBADC BDDBA
                76. 某些流▓行歌手和影星發表了一些言論並且樹立了這樣一些※典範,仿佛非醫顯得有些失魂落魄療用途服用藥物是一個人生活當中最為正常不過並且可就在等人要踏平千仞峰之時以被接受的方面。
                77. 政府ω 最為頭疼的事情之一在於,人們再戰千秋雪(第三更)的壽命越長,就◎會出現越多的疾病和殘疾。
                78. 另外恐怕是仙丹都不能具備一個重要的問題在於,要讓年輕人理解和尊重々老年人在社會的價值。
                79. 最近的新型研究顯示,我們的社會█已經在最近幾十年中,對≡於減少貧困人口方面做出了很大貢獻。
                80. 新型的經濟研究,也不會將這一爭【論進行終結。
                81. He got up so late this morning that he missed the train.
                82. Did you draw any conclusion in gesterday’s meeting?
                83. I bought an English-Chinese dictionary on me way home.
                84. They didn’t allow me to join their group until the end of December.
                85. My dad is looking for a job while my mother is looking after me grandmother.

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